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Culturelink review, no.23/November 1997 - contents - imprint - archive

World Decade for Cultural Development

Intergovernmental Conference on Cultural Policies for Development

Stockholm, March-April 1998

The Swedish Government has offered to host a UNESCO Intergovernmental Conference on Cultural Policies for Development in Stockholm, March 30 - April 2, 1998. The Conference will take place when Stockholm is the Cultural Capital of Europe.

The preliminary agenda provides for discussion under the following two main headings:

    The challenges of cultural diversity, and
    The challenges of recasting cultural policies.

Under the first topic the Conference will debate the following sub-topics:

  • commitment to pluralism,
  • cultural rights,
  • cultural heritage and cultural creativity, and
  • culture for children and young people.

The second topic includes the following sub-topics:

  • improving research and international co-operation for cultural policy,
  • mobilising resources for cultural activities,
  • the media in cultural policy (with particular reference to public service-broadcasting), and
  • culture and the new media technologies.

UNESCO's main working paper for the Conference will use the World Commission's report Our Creative Diversity (See Culturelink nos. 18/April 1996, pp. 35-37, and 21/April 1997, p. 39.) as a point of departure and will take into account all the comments on the report formulated by the Member States. It will also be based partly on papers on each sub-topic written by leading specialists.

The debates on each topic are intended to generate ideas for new UNESCO activities as well as proposals for governments.

During the Conference a number of seminars and panels will be organized. These will reflect and deepen the themes of the Conference. NGO's have also been invited to suggest ideas on other seminars to be organized by them.

The close connection between the ministerial debates and informal sessions, which will take place in the same conference centre, across the street, will give the governmental delegates the opportunity to get new impressions and ideas for their work at the national and international levels. At the same time, NGO experts will be able to put forward their views on the topics of the Conference. This will contribute to making the Conference a genuine transdisciplinary encounter.

The results of the Conference, including the suggestions presented during the informal meetings, will be followed up in different ways at the UNESCO General Conference in 1999.

For more information, please contact:

UNESCO, Culture and Development Co-ordination Office, 7, Place de Fontenoy, F-75352 Paris 07 SP, France, tel.: +33.1 45 68 15 08; fax: +33.1 45 68 57 07; e-mail: wccd@unesco.org

Ministry of Culture, S-103 33 Stockholm, Sweden, tel.: +46 8 405 10 00; fax: +46 8 21 68 13; e-mail: registrator@culture.ministry.se

Swedish National Commission for UNESCO, Ministry of Education and Science, S-103 33 Stockholm, Sweden, tel.: +46 8 405 19 50; fax: +46 8 411 04 70; e-mail: swe.nat.com.unesco@education.ministry.se

WWW: Intergovernmental Conference on Cultural Policies for Development - The Power of Culture

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Programme of Assistance to the Palestinian People (PAPP)


Established in the wake of the Washington accord of 13 September 1993, the Programme of Assistance to the Palestinian People (PAPP) included 27 priority projects for the period of 1995-1997 (For details see Culturelink no. 17/November 1995, pp. 34-35.).

Now entering its second phase, the PAPP has launched twelve new projects, focused on the main priorities of the Palestinian people with regard to education, science, culture and communication. Activities include rehabilitation of schools, faculty development, teacher training, and support for research and technology in higher education. The twelve operational projects meeting the Palestinian Authority's priorities in UNESCO's field of competence are as follows:

  • Natural and Archaeological Park of Jericho;
  • Bethlehem 2000;
  • Youth Project;
  • Public Libraries Development;
  • Palestinian Museum;
  • Palestinian Conservatoire of Music;
  • Faculty Development and Institutional Management;
  • Planning, Quality Control and Accreditation in Higher Education;
  • Establishment of a Higher Education Information System;
  • School Construction and Rehabilitation on the West Bank;
  • School Construction and Rehabilitation in the Gaza Strip;
  • Teacher Training Development; and
  • Support for Palestinian Curriculum Development.

The main aim of the PAPP is to enhance education in peace, human rights, democracy, tolerance and mutual understanding by directly supporting the Palestinian Authority's educational and cultural services.

This priority programme of UNESCO seeks to integrate regular and extra-budgetary activities and step up cooperation with the UN, the World Bank, the Arab League, the Islamic Conference, and NGOs.

For further information, please contact: Coordination Unit for Assistance to the Palestinian People, UNESCO, 7 Place Fontenoy, F-75352 Paris 07 SP, France; tel.: 33 1-45 68 18 99; fax: 33 1- 45 68 56 75; e-mail: o.massalha@unesco.org; Web site: http://www.unesco.org

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UNESCO-ASCHBERG Bursaries for Artists 1997-98

International Fund for the Promotion of Culture
UNESCO, 1996, 64 pp.

Within its UNESCO-ASCHBERG Bursaries for Artists programme, the International Fund for the Promotion of Culture (IFPC) has published the brochure UNESCO-ASCHBERG Bursaries for Artists 1997-98, announcing 48 bursaries offered in 25 countries. Created in 1994, the programme aims to promote the professional growth of young artists under the age of 35 in all art disciplines, mainly by providing opportunities for further training or work residency abroad. The programme is managed by UNESCO's International Fund for the Promotion of Culture (IFPC) and is based on the Fund's cooperation with a growing network of partner institutions.

The brochure groups the bursaries offered by discipline, covering visual arts, music, dance, creative writing, performing arts, textile design and research, and media art. Each bursary announcement contains detailed information on the host institution, the nature of the bursary, eligibility and application procedures. The selection process is shared between an International Artistic Committee set up each year by the IFPC and the host institutions.

To obtain this brochure, please contact: UNESCO-ASCHBERG Bursaries for Artists, International Fund for the Promotion of Culture, 7, place de Fontenoy, F-75352 Paris 07 SP, France.

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National Book Policy - A Guide for Users in the Field

by Alvaro Garzón, UNESCO Publishing, Paris, 1997, 88 pp.

Within the Professional Training Library, UNESCO has published the National Book Policy - A Guide for Users in the Field, by Alvaro Garz¢n. Avoiding socio-cultural analysis and historical and prospective references to books, it is aimed at those responsible in both the public and private sectors, pointing to the application of book development policy in the field based on twenty years' experience in developing countries, particularly in Latin America. Objectives of national book policies are explored, as are the subsectors concerned, including the author, publisher, printer, distributor and bookseller, and the reader. Different components of book development and book law are discussed.

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Directory of the International Network for Information in Science and Technology Education - INISTE

UNESCO, 1996, 128 pp.

UNESCO has published the third edition of its Directory of the International Network for Information in Science and Technology Education, a listing of the INISTE member organizations, providing information which will strengthen national, regional and international cooperation and research in the field and promote greater exchange of ideas and information between institutions through the use, inter alia, of new information technologies. Activities included cover agricultural education, biology, chemistry, physics, mathematics, computer and informatics education, integrated sciences, curriculum development, learning and audio-visual materials development, training, and documentation services.

The members of INISTE are various national institutions, as well as regional and international organizations actively engaged in the improvement of science and technology education.

To obtain the Directory, please contact: The INISTE Secretariat, UNESCO, Division for the Renovation of Educational Curricula and Structures (ED/ECS), 7, place de Fontenoy, F-75352 Paris 07 SP, France, tel.: (33 1) 45 68 08 37; fax: (33 1) 40 65 94 05; e-mail: iniste@unesco.org

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Public Service Broadcasting

Cultural and Educational Dimensions
UNESCO, Paris, 1996, 204 pp.

The recent UNESCO book on public service broadcasting includes seven of the commissioned background papers prepared for the 1995 Round Table on the Cultural and Educational Functions of Public Service Broadcasting (PSB) by well-known international media scholars, and covering all the world's regions. The aim of the meeting was to discuss the situation of PSB in the new technological and communication environment and propose ways of strengthening the role of PSB.

The lead article is by Marc Raboy, who analyses the idea of public service broadcasting and develops a typology based on the core ownership structure of the broadcasting system. The impact of global satellite broadcast services in the Asian region is examined by Anura Goonesekera, and the Western European developments are analysed by Alfred Smudits. Youri Khiltchevski assesses the status of culture and education in the programmes of the electronic media in the Eastern and Central European countries, where the state of the broadcast media is characterised by three main factors: increased competition, limited financial resources, and a struggle for survival. The African experience is examined by Charles Okigbo, who notes that since its inception in Africa, public broadcasting has been conceived as an educational tool and channel for disseminating cultural information. Rafael Roncagliolo discusses the public service functions of community radio and television in Latin America, where commercial stations predominate.

The synthesis of the discussions at the round table is presented in the last chapter. The discussion produced a summary of the main principles of public service broadcasting: universal geographical accessibility, universal appeal across tastes and interests, particular attention to the needs of minority groups, contribution to a sense of national identity and community, distance from vested interests, direct funding and universality of payment, competition in good programming rather than for numbers, and guidelines that liberate rather than restrict programme makers.

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Information Technologies for Newspaper Publishing in Asia and the Pacific

Edited by Belinda Hopkinson, UNESCO, Paris, 1997, 198 pp.

This book presents the results of one of the first integrated projects in the fields of communication, information and informatics within the UNESCO programme and Medium-Term Strategy for 1996-2001. The authors consider the development of information society and the possible uses of information technologies in newspaper production, with a special focus on small and medium-sized papers in Asia and the Pacific.

The book contains contributions by several authors, who were invited to prepare resource papers for the UNESCO seminar on Information Technology for Newspaper Publishing, which took place in Madras, India, in 1995. The book is structured in four main sections, with appendices. The first chapter (by Alan Boyle) is on information technology and its implications for Asia-Pacific journalists, examining the questions of news gathering as well as electronic access to information sources. The second chapter (prepared by Thomas Jacob and Philippe Maeght) contains contributions from several case studies dealing with the computerisation and automation of newspaper publishing. Information management in newspapers is discussed by Justin Arundale, and the question of information technology and the Asian languages is tackled by John Clews.

The book present different experiences with information technologies in the context of newspaper publishing. It also discusses communication networks and electronic services, offers a relevant bibliography, and carries appendices on the structure of a newspaper database.

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African Universities - Review of Information Systems

New Papers on Higher Education 14
UNESCO, Paris, 1996, 66 pp.

Strengthening the Skills of Middle Management in Universities

New Papers on Higher Education 15
UNESCO, Paris, 1996, 61 pp.

The Management of International Cooperation in Universities - Six Country Case Studies and an Analysis

New Papers on Higher Education 16
UNESCO, Paris, 1996, 123 pp.

As part of its New Papers on Higher Education series, UNESCO has published three studies undertaken within the framework of the UNESCO/ACU-CHEMS Joint Action Plan in Higher Education Management programme, a cornerstone of the UNITWIN/UNESCO Chairs Programme. Fostering the involvement of the NGO community specialized in higher education, the joint programme undertook research and training activities around five major themes:

  • Strategic Planning,
  • Higher Education Management Information Systems (HEMIS),
  • Middle Management Development and Training Needs,
  • Management of International Co-operation in Higher Education, and
  • Private Post-Secondary Education.

The report on African Universities - Review of Information Systems by David Mason surveys a number of African universities with regard to the use and efficiency of Higher Education Management Information Systems. HEMIS is an essential instrument for the successful reform of these institutions, affecting their contribution to African society. Also, experiences of other regions are described, thus ensuring a broader picture of current practice in the field. An approach for African universities has been elaborated, taking due account of the principal human, material and financial resources required.

Strengthening the Skills of Middle Management in Universities by Allan Schofield is a report focusing on the provision of training for middle management in higher education institutions. The expertise of this level of personnel is essential for the successful implementation of managerial change and the capacity to sustain its desired results. The range of the analysis undertaken deals with the various types of training required and the variety of provisions available in different regions, with particular attention paid to Africa. The question of certification is discussed, as well as the potential of distance learning. Since capacity-building and the development process are closely linked, the report also includes proposals for future collaboration between training providers and the donor community.

The third report, entitled The Management of International Cooperation in Universities - Six Country Case Studies and an Analysis by Geoffrey Caston, studies the phenomenon of internationalization across six case studies from Commonwealth countries (Australia, Canada, India, Malaysia, East Africa, and the South Pacific). Each presents the current national or regional climate where international activities are receiving greater emphasis, explaining the diverse reasons driving inter-university cooperation. The report proceeds to discuss the specific strategies used by universities to ensure their participation in international cooperation. With its depth of analysis, this document constitutes an important step forward in UNESCO's promotion of the research and training necessary for success in international activities.

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The Universal Arabic Encyclopaedia

Following six years of preparation, the Universal Arabic Encyclopaedia, a scientific and cultural initiative of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, was officially presented to the UNESCO Library on 28 May 1997. Symbolizing the cultural decolonialization of the Arab and Muslim world, this immense work comprising 30 volumes is the first major encyclopaedia in Arabic aimed at the general public. It is a translation of the World Book Encyclopaedia, adapted to modern needs, and with enriched articles relating to the Arab and Islamic world. The Encyclopaedia will also be issued on CD-ROM.

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A Cultural Approach to Development
Planning Manual: Concepts and Tools

UNESCO, WDCD, CLT/DEC/CD, Paris, 1997, 378 pp.

This publication is a sequel to the UNESCO publication The Cultural Dimension of Development - Towards a Practical Approach and the result of a project implemented within the World Decade for Cultural Development. It has been drafted by a group of authors allied to the UNESCO Section of Cultural Dimension of Development. The manual addresses methodological issues, with the aim to show how the working methods of organizations and individuals involved in development projects can help set in motion a 'sustainable process of human development' by grounding both their theory and their practice in a cultural approach.

The production of practical guides and manuals of this kind has become common practice and part of the work of different development agencies (For instance, the Canadian International Development Agency CIDA has published Involving Culture: A fieldworker's guide to culturally sensitive development, UNESCO/CIDA, 1995. Cf. Culturelink no 20/ November 1996, pp. 54-55.). However, the UNESCO manual is specific as it primarily represents an effort to translate the cultural approach to development into concepts and tools. It encompasses a very wide range of issues: from basic definitions of concepts to strategies, planning, programmes, projects and field work, and thus provides cultural and development workers with useful background information and references that they might need in practical action.

The text attempts to answer questions such as: Why has it been necessary to rethink development? What are the values of development? What is the cultural approach to development?, and the like. This same effort demonstrates that making a manual out of theories is certainly a very demanding task and one that is out of necessity reductionist. The main problem of this particular manual is that it is not reduced enough to practical action and therefore serves rather to educate development workers than to instruct them on how to act in particular situations. For example, the valuable information on the construction of indicators for cultural development (the chapter on 'New Tools for the Work of the Institutions') would hardly help development workers resolve some social or other problems.

The text is transparent, well-written, and should provide for an easy understanding of development issues, if the concepts, methods and tools discussed were not sometimes rather unclear and complicated. This also reflects both the role and the value of the manual itself: it certainly serves its purpose, but the purpose, i.e., 'setting in motion a sustainable process of human development' yet demands a much larger analytical, conceptual and practical effort than the one taken to produce a well-written manual.

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Culture, Population and Poverty Eradication for Eastern and Southern Africa

Final Report with Resolutions and Recommendations
UNESCO, AICCD, WDCD, IDEP, Makerere University, 1997, 77 pp.

The link between cultural progress and socio-economic development has increasingly assumed centre-stage in development philosophy. People's value-systems, traditions, mind-sets and beliefs need to be taken care of in the formulation, elaboration, implementation and evaluation of effective intervention strategies.

The sub-regional workshop on Culture, Population and Poverty Eradication, held in Kampala, Uganda, in April 1997, was designed to address these problems and respond to the challenges associated with the adoption of a culturally sensitive approach to development.

Designed to provide a forum for policy makers, project managers, practitioners and experts, to introduce the participants to the methods, tools and techniques of the cultural approach to social and economic development, as well as to establish the framework for networking and information dissemination and exchange, the workshop resulted in several resolutions and recommendations. The participants called upon the interested organizations (UN, national and regional governments, NGO's, etc.) to internalize the need for integrating culture into development programmes. The workshop strongly recommended a holistic, qualitative and participatory approach to programme design, implementation and evaluation. The adoption, popularization and utilization of UNESCO's comprehensive definition of culture in public policy formulation, development programme management, etc. was strongly recommended. The workshop also recommended a critical reconsideration of the conventional economic development models, with a view to designing an alternative model consistent with the African cultural perspective. It recommended that primary education should be universalized, vocationalized and promoted as a tool for social and human development and as a vehicle for the preservation of cultural identity. The participants agreed that peace education and the promotion of a culture of peace should be used as a means of enhancing tolerance, conflict resolution and lasting stability in the Great Lakes region and other parts of Africa.

For further information, please contact: A. Nakkazi, Secretary General, Uganda National Commission for UNESCO, Crested Towers Building, Hannington Road, P.O.Box 4962, Kampala, Uganda, tel.: (+256 41) 259713; fax: (+256 41) 258405.

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Intergovernmental Committee of the World Decade for Cultural Development

Fifth Regular Session, Paris, 21-25 April 1997

The fifth regular session of the Intergovernmental Committee of the World Decade for Cultural Development was held at UNESCO Headquarters from 21 to 25 April 1997.

The contribution of the Decade, which expires by the end of 1997, remains essential for a better understanding of the permanent interaction between culture and all other human activities. Culture and development remain a priority in UNESCO's programme. An increased attention will be given in 1998-1999 to the relations between heritage and development, to culture and environment, and to cultural policies (specifically through the Intergovernmental Conference on Cultural Policies for Development in Stockholm, April 1998 (See pp. 31-32 in this issue.)).

The Summary of Activities 1988-1997, prepared by the coordinator of the World Decade Secretariat, shows that 1,179 projects were recognized as official Decade activities, and 374 projects were funded for a total of USD 5,100,000. 43 per cent of the funded projects were devoted to the cultural dimension of development, 25 per cent to cultural identities, 25 per cent to participation in cultural life, and 7 per cent to international cultural cooperation.

Some of the major projects launched within the framework of the Decade will be pursued in the next biennium, among others: The African Itinerant College for Culture and Development, the Vaka Moana project, Culture in the Neighbourhood - An Afro-European Interaction, Culture and Environment, and Culture, Tourism and Development in the Arab States. The follow-up of the Decade would thus provide for a continuous pursuance of the Decade goals in the implementation of UNESCO's regular and participation programmes.

For more information, please contact: World Decade Secretariat, UNESCO, 1, rue Miollis, 75732 Paris Cedex 15, France.