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Who is Who in the Culturelink Team

Culturelink review, Special Issue 1994 - imprint - archive

Access Culturelink Through Internet

Mira Mileusnić Škrtić is a computer specialist and adviser for information systems at the IRMO. She has B.S. in mathematics and information from the University of Zagreb. Her work responsibilities include the development of the information system of the IRMO's Documentation Centre for Cultural Development and Cooperation.


Culturelink - the Network of Networks for Research and Cooperation in Cultural Development is from last year accessible via Internet. The use of Internet, a global network of computer networks, is expanding rapidly as individual computer users and institutions recognize its value for communication, research and marketing. Internet is a network of more than 13000 computer networks linking approximately 3.2 million computers and over 30 million users in 150 countries. They are located at universities, scientific research establishments, governmental agencies, colleges, and commercial organizations. The network features many commercial computer services or bulletin boards. The use of Internet is growing at the rate of about ten per cent per month. The ability of computer networks to overcome barriers of time and space will increasingly threaten the position of intermediaries in a wide range of cultural activities. It is expected that we shall soon have more flexible and higher capacity networks capable of carrying an institution's entire electronic traffic. This implies a single network capable of supporting data, voice, facsimile and video. Such a network could carry services ranging from simple electronic mail to multimedia services. Multimedia services involve text, graphics, video and sound converted into computer language.

The key to many of the new possibilities is information carried in digital form, so that it can be stored and manipulated by computers, using fibre optic cabling providing adequate conduits for the volume of information carried, a new generation of powerful microprocessors and, most important, an enabling technology called asynchronous transfer mode (ATM), which promises to revolutionize the way computer networks are built. It provides for high-speed transmission and is suitable for many kinds of graphics, voice, data, facsimile, real-time video, CD-quality audio and imaging. 1

IRMO (Institute for Development and International Relations) hosts the Culture and Communications Programme, that coordinates the work of Culturelink. IRMO is linked with CARNet (Croatian Academic Research Network)2, which is a part of Internet. CARNet's goal is to interconnect existing and future local area networks in the academic and scientific community acting as a national backbone3. All computers attached to the network can exchange information in the form of: electronic mail, transfer of files (telnet4) and remote use of computers (ftp5 services). Gopher clients are also encouraged on all computers. Gopher is a way of organizing information resources offered by computers on Internet. It is a client- server information system. Anyone on Internet can use the gopher "client" program to access information. The client program serves as the user interface to the information in "gopherspace". It obtains a "document" from the server and displays it. That document may be a text or other form of information, or it may be a menu of other documents. Most of the items in this menu end in a slash ("/"), which indicates that selecting the item will bring up another menu of selections. Any item ending in a period (".") is a document that can be displayed. Now the Culturelink Network makes possible new forms of communication that are inherently capable of being more interactive, more participatory, more egalitarian, more decentralized, and less hierarchical. It affects the way we think and act, and the way we work with others. The purpose is to encourage the participation of its members as active creators of information as well as recipients. The rapid growth of the network itself is understandable, as it lowers barriers to entry for new parties wishing to join the network. The network is open to everybody interested in the field of culture, and this openness reflects the sensibilities and values of its architects. With Culturelink you are about to start a journey through a unique land without frontiers. Culturelink on Internet becomes a place that is everywhere at once. You will be joining a growing community of people around the world who use this cultural resource on a daily basis. One of the main goals of the Culturelink network is to be useful for everyone that is in, and everyone's contribution in it makes the network richer.

The Culturelink programme has developed exchanges and cooperation throughout the world. We have developed several cultural data bases: Cultural Policy Data Base, Culturelink Data Base, and different bibliographical data bases. The Cultural Policy Data Base is an integral part of the project entitled the Current State of Cultural Policies and Life. The Cultural Policy Data Base is installed on CARNET using gopher and is being continuously updated. With it you will have the world at your fingertips. It figures as a public on-line service. You can reach it by gopher carnet.hr, where you search for the Institute for Development and International Relations, and under the projects you can find Cultural Policies. Selecting the item Europe will bring up a list of seventeen countries, among which seven are newly updated (Italy, Iceland, Norway, Slovenia, Greece, Finland, Israel). The target users for the Cultural Policies Database are mainly researchers and scholars in the field of culture and policy-makers worldwide. Under Publications you will find the bulletin Culturelink. Under Conferences can be found announcements of international conferences such as the following: The Network of Networks for Research and Cultural Development - Culturelink is organizing an International Conference on Dynamics of Communication and Cultural Change - The Role of Networks, to be held in Zagreb, Croatia, 8-11 June 1995, under the auspices of UNESCO and the Council of Europe, within the framework of the World Decade for Cultural Development.

For further information, please contact us at the address: Culturelink/IRMO, Lj. F. Vukotinovica 2, 41000 Zagreb, Croatia; phone: (385-1) 45 45 22; fax: (385-1) 44 40 59; E-mail: clink@irmo.hr, or Mira.Skrtic@mairmo.irmo.hr


  1. Technical terms explained referring to: Guide to Local Area Networking by David Palmer-Stevens for Cabletron Systems, Newbury, Berks; Local Area Networks: making the right choices by Philip Hunter, Addison-Wesley, Wokingham; The Computer Industry: Battle for the Desktop, published May 31, 1994; Telecommunications in Business, June 15, 1994.; Computer Networking, June 28, 1994, Networking Glossary, accessible via gopher on carnet.hr; Journey to Cyberspace by Denise Pelissier, The Unesco Courier, February, 1995.
  2. See information about CARNet, offered on-line through gopher server at carnet.hr
  3. It is a generic term for a Lan or Wan connection 'trunk' between subnetworks across an enterprise. Subnetworks are connected to the backbone via bridges and/or routers.
  4. Packet switched network service offered by US Sprint.
  5. File Transfer protocol, the Internet standard high-level protocol for transferring files from one computer to another.